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Samegrelo (Mengrelia)
Mingrelia:
Notable people of Samegrelo:
Akaki Khorava (April 29, 1895 – June, 23, 1972) was born in the village Ochkhomuri, Chkhorotcku Province of Mengrelia, Georgia. He studied at Kiev and Tbilisi University (1915 - 1919), and then at Theatre Studio supervising by A.N.Pagava (1922). From 1923 he was appointed as actor and producer at Academic Theatre by Shota Rustaveli (1936), chief of Theatre (1955) and Director of Tbilisi Theatre Institute by Shota Rustaveli (1939 - 1949). He was Professor at Tbilisi State University (1947). From 1924 he was involved in movie business.

His tremendously contribution in former Soviet Union Cinematography was awarded as honor the USSR Prize laureate/winner (Gosudarstvennaya Premiya) in 1941, 1946 and 1951 for theatric activity and 1943 and 1946 as a best Actor in movie “Giorgi Saakadze”. He held Lenin’s Order and different honours; People’s Artist of USSR (1936).

Short commentary: The establishment of Bolshevik rule in Georgia influenced the development of the Georgian theater. In the 1930s, theatrical productions featured characters of workers, peasants and Soviet revolutionaries and depicted the life on a collective farm or a worker’s toils in a factory. In the 1940s, theater performance shifted its focus to the Georgian past in an attempt to appeal to nationalism during World War II. In the 1950s, plays based on works by European authors were staged, including Shakespeare’s Othello, Antony and Cleopatra, Richard II, Sophocle’s Oedipus Rex, plays by Lope de Vega, Carlo Goldoni, Pierre Augustin Beaumarchais, Bernard Shaw, Alexander Pushkin, Mikhail Lermontov, Nikolay Gogol, Fyodor Dostoevsky and others. The period produced directors such as Vakhtang Tabliashvili (1914) and Vaso Kushitashvili (1894-1962) and the actors Akaki Khorava (1895-1972), Sergo Zakariadze (1909-1971), Erosi Manjgaladze (1925-1982) and Akaki Vasadze (1899-1978), designers Ioseb Charlemagne (1880-1957), Irakli Gamrekeli (1884-1943), Vladimir Sidamon-Eristavi (1889-1943), David Kakabadze (1889-1954), Elene Akhvlediani (1901-1975), Tamar Abakelia (1905-1953), Peter Otskhali (1907-1937) and the great Suliko Virsaladze (1909-1988).

 
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